Publishable Summary:

The objectives of Deliverable 2.4 were to analyze the status quo of the CORALIS demo and follower cases before the implementation of CORALIS industrial symbiosis measures as well as the envisioned industrial symbiosis. The methods used to gather and cluster information on the six demo and follower cases were literature research, questionnaires, personal communication and discussions, SWOT1 analysis as well as an initial assessment of the KPI2 based on Deliverable 2.1. Technical specifications were derived from Deliverable 2.3.
Based on the findings, node schemes of the benchmark situation and envisioned industrial symbiosis were drawn for each case, including the core partners, supply/disposal and important stakeholders. Based on these node schemes, the impact of each planned industrial symbiosis on the individual partners, stakeholders and regions (e.g., dependencies on third parties) was described qualitatively, followed by a summary of the benchmark costs, such as energy and material/chemical prices on national or global scale.
In the following, the methods are shortly outlined:
In order to minimize the inquiries for the individual cases and to have the requested results for common availability for the project partners, a joint questionnaire was developed enabling all participating scientific partners to gain a common and in-depth understanding of each demo and follower site. The answers given for each site are used within this deliverable to explain the benchmark (pre-CORALIS) systems at each site, including expected benefits and relevant stakeholders as well as qualitative information on material and energy streams.
A template to identify good practices was developed for and shared with each demo/follower site. The template consisted of a short listing of the planned industrial symbiosis activities for each CORALIS site and a table that exemplarily listed potential existing good practice examples, the demo/follower sites added own examples. Most of the identified cases and projects refer to similar technical solutions, some also to business models and organizational issues. The environmental impacts were derived from the technical solutions mainly.
In course of Task 2.4, a survey on perceived barriers and success factors was carried out among the CORALIS partners that are directly involved in one or more demo and/or follower cases, in order to determine the success factors and barriers that are perceived the most or least important for the individual players and cases at their individual project stage. The detailed method as well as averaged answers based on all cases were included in the public Deliverable 2.5 as well as the questionnaire template. The more detailed, averaged answers per case are included in this Deliverable 2.4.
In order to gain more knowledge of the CORALIS demo and follower cases and for clarification purposes, the authors contacted the CORALIS facilitators or the involved industrial companies. The facilitators are experts in the field of energy, materials and processes in the context of the various industrial players they work with in course of CORALIS.
For each demo/follower case, an analysis on strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (so called SWOT analysis) was carried out. It is used to identify internal as well as external positive and negative factors that might influence the business or project. The results are summarized in a so-called SWOT matrix. As the common method is very flexible and can be applied for early stage projects or business ideas as well as e.g. complex organizations, it is suited for the assessment and development tracking over all phases of a project/business. [1], [2] Previous results, such as the barrier/success factor survey results for example, delivered input to the SWOT.
The KPI are categorized in 1) Key resource Indicators (KRI); 2) Key Environmental Indicators (KEI); 3) Key Performance Attributes (KPA). Furthermore, production volumes and various ratios are considered. For each demo/follower case, individual indicator sets were developed in CORALIS Task 2.1. Within this Deliverable 2.4, an initial assessment of the KPI was carried out in cooperation with the facilitators/RTOs as well as the industrial partners of the different demo/follower cases.
In conclusion, all demo and follower cases differ regarding their setting and planned industrial symbioses. As all cases are at a rather early stage of development, not all numbers were available yet for the KPI calculation, and it was found that some indicators need adaption in course of further CORALIS tasks. The available numbers were included in the deliverable and Microsoft Excel files were created for further use for each case. The survey on barriers and success factors revealed hot spots to focus on in further project development, while the collection of comparable industrial symbiosis cases serves a starting point for experience and knowledge exchange with third parties.